Learning Goal:
Understand that the Essential Concepts and Skills in some content areas are written similar to, but not exactly, like learning goals. They need to be rewritten by the teacher in studentfriendly language.
Success Criteria:
I can write learning goals from reviewing the Essential Concepts and Skills of the Iowa Core.
Directions:
 Review the 21st Century Employability Skills Learning Goal Example (click on the image below)
 Discuss how the learning goals (in the blue box) differ from the original Essential Concept and Skills found in the Learning Progression below.
 Discuss how these learning goals would fit into a grade level learning progression.
 Choose an example of a learning goal from the appropriate list below (there are three lists) and discuss similarities and differences from wording in the Essential Concepts and Skills. (You will need to find the original essential concept and skill in the content area listed on the Iowa Core website.)
21st Century Skills ExampleClick on the image to make it bigger.

21st Century Skills  Employability Skills

K4 Examples of Learning Goals from the Iowa Core
 Understand how to ask and answer questions about key details in a text. (Reading Literature K1)
 Understand how to ask and answer questions (who, what, where, when, why, and how) to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. (Reading Literature 2)
 Understand the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text. (Reading Literature Gr. 3)
 Understand how to distinguish literal from nonliteral language in a text. (Reading Literature Gr. 3)
 Understand how illustrations and words in a text help you understand the text. (Reading for Information Grade 3)
 Understand how firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic can differ in focus and the information provided. (Reading for Information Grade 4)
 Understand that some reading comprehension strategies are very helpful when reading for information (Reading for Information Gr. 35)
 Understand how to use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing. (Writing Gr. K2)
 Understand how to write informative/explanatory texts. (Writing Gr. 35)
 Understand the names of shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. (Math Gr. K)
 Understand that the two digits of a twodigit number represent amounts of tens and ones. (Math Gr. 1)
 Understand the relationship between counting and addition and subtraction. (Math Gr. 1)
 Understand the relationship among standard units of time (minutes, hours, days, weeks, months and years). (Math Gr. 2)
 Understand how to measure the length of an object. (Math Gr. 2)
 Understand the concepts of area. (Math Gr. 3)
 Understand how area is related to multiplication and addition. (Math Gr. 3)
 Understand that a multiplication equation is a comparison and can be represented by a verbal statement. (Math Gr. 4)
 Understand how to use the standard algorithm to fluently add and subtract multidigit whole numbers. (Math Gr. 4)
 Understand how to add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators. (Math Gr. 5)
 Understand how economic conditions impact people’s lives. (Economics Gr. 35)
 Understand why people create and participate in governing systems. (History Gr. K2)
 Understand why scientists perform different types of investigations. (Science as Inquiry Gr. 35)
 Understand how to plan and conduct scientific investigations. (Science as Inquiry Gr. 35)
Middle School Examples of Learning Goals from the Iowa Core
 Understand how a narrator’s point of view influences how events are described. (Reading Literature Gr. 5)
 Understand that some reading comprehension strategies are very helpful when reading for information (Reading Informational Text Gr. 35)
 Understand that some comprehension strategies are very helpful when reading literature. (Reading Literature Gr. 68)
 Understand the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings. (Reading Informational Text Gr. 6)
 Understand how specific word choice impacts the meaning and tone of words and phrases. (Reading Informational Text Gr. 7)
 Understand the similarities and differences in the structure of two or more texts. (Reading Literature Gr. 8)
 Understand how to write informative/explanatory texts. (Writing Gr. 35)
 Understand that opinion pieces must support a point of view with reasons and information. (Writing Gr. 5)
 Understand that written arguments to support claims need clear reasons and relevant evidence. (Writing Gr. 68)
 Understand how to develop a topic in an informative/explanatory text. (Writing Gr. 68)
 Understand how to add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators. (Math Gr. 5)
 Understand how to solve problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers. (Math Gr. 5)
 Understand that area formulas for different shapes vary. (Math Gr. 67)
 Understand how to summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context. (Math Gr. 6)
 Understand how to convert among fractions, decimals, and percents. (Math Gr. 7)
 Understand the properties of integer exponents. (Math Gr. 8)
 Understand how to solve linear equations in one variable. (Math Gr. 8)
 Understand why scientists perform different types of investigations. (Science as Inquiry Gr. 35)
 Understand that water as a solvent impacts groundwater quality (Earth & Space Gr. 68)
 Understand the predictable ways heat moves. (Physical Science Gr. 68)
 Understand the important levels of organization for structure and function. (Life Science Gr. 68)
 Understand how economic conditions impact people’s lives. (Economics Gr. 35)
 Understand differences in life today compared to life in the past. (History Gr. 35)
 Understand political events that shaped the development of governments. (History Gr. 68)
 Understand the importance of technology in spreading the ideas, values, and behavior patterns within a society. (Behavioral Sciences Gr. 68)
 Understand checks & balances in the three branches of government. (Civic Literacy Gr. 68)
High School Examples of Learning Goals from the Iowa Core
 Understand how a particular point of view or cultural experience is reflected in a work of literature from outside the United States. (Reading Literature Gr. 910)
 Understand how a source text is interpreted differently in various versions of the story, drama, or poem. (Reading Literature Gr. 1112)
 Understand that some comprehension strategies are very helpful when reading literature. (Reading Literature Gr. 912)
 Understand how to write informative/explanatory texts. (Writing Gr. 912)
 Understand how to develop a topic in an informative/explanatory text. (Writing Gr. 912)
 Understand how to use narrative techniques to develop experiences, events, and/or characters. (Writing Gr. 912)
 Understand how to solve quadratic equations in one variable. (Algebra Gr. 912)
 Understand that formulas can be rearranged to highlight the quantity of interest without changing the relationships within the formula. (Algebra Gr. 912)
 Understand trigonometric identities. (Functions Gr. 912)
 Understand how the criteria for triangle congruence follow from the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions. (Geometry Gr. 912)
 Understand the difference between correlation and causation. (Statistics & Probability Gr. 912)
 Understand how to design and conduct a scientific investigation. (Science as Inquiry Gr. 912)
 Understand the movement of matter within the earth system. (Earth and Space Gr. 912)
 Understand how atoms interact with one another. (Physical Science Gr. 912)
 Understand the molecular basis of heredity. (Life Science Gr. 912)
 Understand the factors that can influence an individual’s life chances. (Behavioral Science Gr. 912)
 Understand how interest rates impact various segments of the economy. (Economics Gr. 912)
 Understand how changing the landscape is a signature of human use of the Earth. (Geography Gr. 912)
 Understand the impact of goal setting on personal financial success. (Financial Literacy Gr. 912)
 Understand how to advocate for personal, family and community health. (Health Literacy Gr. 912)
 Understand technology trends and possibilities. (Technology Literacy Gr. 912)
 Understand that information and ideas can be communicated to multiple audiences using a variety of media and formats. (Technology Literacy Gr. 912)
 Understand participation in civic and political life can help citizens attain individual and public goals. (Civic Literacy Gr. 912)